Números: Spanish Numbers for Android
If you’ve found useful this little form, you’ll definitely love the Android app “Números”. It does the same thing, but it doesn’t require an Internet connection, and it offers some other interesting features, such as:
- New: Press “Listen” and you’ll hear the number correctly pronounced!
- It also shows how to spell any date and hour, including details such as “o’clock”, “in the morning”, etc.
- It can handle also negative and/or decimal numbers.
Spanish Number Pronunciation
Now that you know all there is to know about the Spanish alphabet pronunciation, it should be easy for you to pronounce any Spanish number. But just in case you want a taste of it, I present you the most famous Spanish number song in the world. If, like me, you are getting a bit old, you are probably suspecting it: yes! it is the “Pinball Number Count” song from Sesame Street, Spanish version, in your screen thanks to Youtube! Enjoy!
Ah, such nostalgia! Oh, well…
How to “Mount” Spanish Numbers
The following table will give you a clear idea of how Spanish numbers are formed. First, you should learn the red numbers (so you will be able to sing the pinball song ^^), then the blue ones (now you can count 1-100) and finally the green ones (almost any number you can think of).
Some Notes about Spanish Numbers
Un billón= 1,000,000,000,000. Note that in Spanish
un billónis not 1,000,000,000, but a million of
Un trillónis a million of
billones, and so on.
- Millions of. The cardinals
billón, etc. are never adjectives, but nouns, so when they qualify a noun by themselves, they must be followed by the preposition
de, like in
dos millones de dólares(two million dollars).
- Thousands and decimals. Traditionally, in Spanish either dots or commas are used to separate the thousands. It depends on the country. But, more recently (and precisely to avoid confusion) a blank space is recommended instead, and a comma is recommended for decimals. So 22,500.99 would be 22 500,99.
- Years in Spanish. To name a year, simply say its number. So, 1975 would not be nineteen seventy five, but “simply” one thousand nine hundred and seventy five (
mil novecientos setenta y cinco).
- Gender in Spanish numbers. Note that some Spanish numbers must follow the gender, when they qualify a noun. For example, 21321301 is the number
veintiún millones trescientos veintiún mil trescientos uno, but talking about pounds (feminine) or dollars (masculine), it will be
veintiún millones trescientas veintiuna mil trescientas una librasor
veintiún millones trescientos veintiún mil trescientos un dólares, respectively. This is optional in the case of the numbers before
mil, so it could also be
veintiún millones trescientos veintiún mil trescientas una libras. Also note that it is always
veintiún millones(masculine) because this
veintiúnrefers to millones, which is always masculine.
- Numbers as nouns. As nouns, the Spanish numbers are always masculine (
el cero, el uno, el cuatro mil…)
- Old-fashioned Spanish numbers. Sometimes you will read complex numerals such as
diez y seisor
veinte y uno(instead of
veintiuno). This is considered old-fashioned and should be avoided.
References (all in Spanish language)
- General article of the Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas about numbers in Spanish.
- Specific article of the Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas about Spanish cardinal numbers.
- Very in-depth article about Spanish numbers (PDF), by José Martínez de Sousa.